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SC16 Hints at What Supercomputing Means for Manufacturing

Supercomputing 2016Each year, the top talents and technologies in computing converge at the SC supercomputing conference to focus attention on how computing power can be used to solve some of mankind’s greatest challenges. SC16 was no exception, as more than 11,100 registered attendees from 26 countries took in 349 exhibits and hundreds of sessions in Salt Lake City November 13-18.

Precision medicine, specifically tied to cancer research, took center stage both during a panel discussion on the topic and during Katharine Frase’s keynote on how cognitive computing is evolving. Frase recently led strategy and business development for IBM’s Watson Education unit. Watson, which made waves after winning the Jeopardy! game show, has since been put to use in a number of different industries.

“Watson and cognitive computing in general can serve significantly in every single arena in which we grapple with multi-layered, data-intensive problems: how to best treat cancers; how to adapt to conditions brought about by climate change; how to quickly and effectively harness new kinds of sustainable energy; how to untangle intractable governmental or community development challenges,” Frase said. “Now more than ever, visionary thinking will drive an endless and transformative array of applications for Watson and cognitive computing in general, along with whatever comes next.”

Panelists from the SC16 plenary session discussed how supercomputing is being used to advance precision medicine, allowing for individually customized treatment options.

Panelists from the SC16 plenary session discussed how supercomputing is being used to advance precision medicine, allowing for individually customized treatment options.

NVIDIA CEO Jen-Hsun Huang addresses SC16 attendees from the company's booth on the show floor.

NVIDIA CEO Jen-Hsun Huang addresses SC16 attendees from the company’s booth on the show floor.

Some of that visionary thinking is coming from the manufacturing sector as well, according to NVIDIA. The company used SC16 to announce its partnership with the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and several national laboratories on an initiative to accelerate cancer research. However, during a press briefing at SC16, NVIDIA founder and CEO Jen-Hsun Huang also said creating computing that helps companies build products is “a many billion dollar opportunity.”

NVIDIA’s graphics processing units (GPUs) and architecture have proven to be adept at tasks needed to develop artificial intelligence (A.I.) and, specifically, deep learning, like quickly finding patterns in very large, unstructured data sets. In that respect, manufacturing isn’t that different from the medical industry as data from the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to accumulate similar to patients’ medical records. Just as computing power can be used to mine health care data to improve diagnosis and suggest different treatment options for different people, A.I. can be used to improve product designs and suggest product options for different users.

“Enterprise is sometimes said to be slow to adopt A.I., but the parts of companies that are developing products are moving fast,” Huang said. As design engineers are tasked with developing more complex products faster, Huang expects them to increasingly turn to A.I. for suggestions that speed design iterations.

Making Supercomputing Accessible

There are a number of obstacles to increasing advanced computing use in the enterprise, including amassing enough data, labeling that data so A.I. can categorize it and, perhaps most challenging: training company stakeholders on how to implement A.I. According to Roy Kim, Director of Accelerated Computing at NVIDIA, over the past two years the company has gone from 1,000 to 20,000 enterprise inquiries about training for deep learning and A.I.

The work of simulation and design consultancy, LCS-FAST, was on display at the SGI booth. CFD was used throughout the Elemental RP1 car's development including what it says is the world's first 5th order accurate transient simulation of a whole automotive car.

The work of simulation and design consultancy, LCS-FAST, was on display at the SGI booth. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used throughout the Elemental RP1 car’s development including what it says is the world’s first 5th order accurate transient simulation of a whole automotive car. It was promoted as the world’s most aerodynamically advanced track car.

Obviously, the easier it is to implement A.I. and high-performance computing solutions, the faster they will be adopted by industry. Democratization of advanced computing was the goal of SC16 announcements from both AMD and Intel as they embraced an open mantra.

AMD announced a new release of its Radeon Open Compute Platform (ROCm) at SC16 featuring software support of new Radeon GPU hardware, new math libraries and a foundation of modern programming languages the company says is designed to speed development of high-performance, energy-efficient heterogeneous computing systems. ROCm includes what AMD calls Heterogeneous-Compute Interface for Portability (HIP), which enables developers to port NVIDIA CUDA applications to ROCm using HIPIFY to automate the conversion to the HIP kernel language and runtime API. AMD says HIPIFY helps create portable applications that can run on virtually any GPU using either NVIDIA’s CUDA Compiler or Heterogeneous Compute Compiler (HCC).

AMD also announced plans for ROCm support of OpenCL and upcoming AMD “Zen”-based x86 CPUs, ARM AArch64 CPU architecture starting with Cavium ThunderX processors, as well as IBM Power 8 CPUs and servers.

nasa

A presenter explains how NASA’s Pleiades, one of the world’s most powerful supercomputers, was used to create a CFD database for booster separation on the Space Launch System (SLS), a heavy-lift launch vehicle.

Intel is expanding upon its Intel Scalable System Framework (Intel SSF), an architectural approach intended to simplify the procurement, deployment and management of HPC systems. At SC16, the company announced Intel HPC Orchestrator, “a software platform that HPC system builders, application developers and end users can use to gain efficiencies in the setup and management of systems, enable testing at scale and simplify deployment for users,” according to an Intel press release. Intel HPC Orchestrator is a customizable platform that is said to support traditional HPC workloads, as well as emerging uses such as machine learning, high-performance data analysis and autonomous driving.

Intel HPC Orchestrator is based on the OpenHPC community system software stack, and includes multiple options for compilers, MPI families, and base OS combinations along with tools to assist with install automation, according to the company. Intel HPC Orchestrator is available through OEM launch system suppliers Dell EMC and Fujitsu, with more availability announcements expected soon. Learn more about Intel HPC Orchestrator in the Intel-produced video below.

The fact that OEMs are rolling out advanced computing solutions to manufacturing is a good sign that industry democratization efforts are gaining momentum. This was Dell’s first SC conference since its $60 billion merger with EMC. Ed Turkel, HPC Strategist for Dell EMC, said the merger allows Dell to pursue a broader marketplace.

“EMC is an entry point to manufacturing customers,” he said. “It’s a huge opportunity to expand the business.”

Turkel said large manufacturers are no strangers to HPC, but mid-sized manufacturers have not been getting its full benefits. The new Dell EMC HPC System for Manufacturing is designed to provide a validated solution for large, small- and mid-size manufacturers looking to make the leap to HPC. The pre-configured solution was created specifically to deliver the capacity and performance required for computationally intensive workloads, including those involving widely used computer-aided engineering (CAE) tools like ANSYS Fluent, ANSYS Mechanical, SIMULIA Abaqus, MSC Nastran, NX Nastran, LSTC LS-DYNA, and Siemens PLM Software’s StarCCM+, among others.

Learn more about Dell EMC’s vision for the future of manufacturing from Michael Dell in his Dell EMC World presentation below.

Computing technology is moving very quickly, so quickly that many companies are having a hard time keeping up. Learning how to harness HPC, A.I. and deep learning to produce more complex, innovative products faster will take time as work cultures, IT infrastructure and workflows gradually shift. The supercomputers on the Top500 list are impressive, but their computing power remains out of reach for the majority of companies. It’s the more accessible advanced computing solutions that will have the most profound effect on manufacturing as vendors offer options, training and support to meet the needs of small- and medium-sized businesses.

Watch General Chair John West’s SC16 introduction and Katharine Frase’s SC16 keynote below:

About Jamie J. Gooch

Jamie Gooch is the editorial director of Digital Engineering. Contact him at de-editors@digitaleng.news.