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Find Out What Happens When AI, AR, and Generative Design Come Together

Seeing what's not there -- an example of the use of augmented reality to understand product placement. (image courtesy of Augment).

Seeing what’s not there — an example of the use of augmented reality to understand product placement (image courtesy of Augment).

An AI (artificial intelligence) expert, an AR (augmented reality) expert, and a generative design expert walk into a bar …

Well, they didn’t exactly get together in person, but in our LIVE roundtable discussion (now available for on-demand viewing here), AI and machine-learning expert Jerry Overton from CSC Research, enterprise AR vendor Augment‘s founder and CEO Jean-Francois Chianetta, and generative design software maker Frustum‘s CEO Jesse Blankenship sat down (in a manner of speaking) to talk about the practical applications of these seemingly farfetched technologies.

Overton said, “Smart machines are changing manufacturing. They’re changing how we implement technologies like AR. They’re also changing the process of manufacturing itself.”

AR and its close cousin VR (virtual reality) have a long history in videogames and films, but today, they’re also seeping into manufacturing. Smart plants, which some may argue is more a vision than a reality at the present, makes use of AR/VR, by superimposing a layer of digital information onto the user’s view of his or her surroundings to offer new insights.

Data scientist and AI expert Jerry Overton discusses the rise of digital twins as one of the resulting phenomenons of technology convergence (image courtesy of CSC, Jerry Overton).

Data scientist and AI expert Jerry Overton discusses the rise of digital twins as one of the resulting phenomenons of technology convergence (image courtesy of CSC, Jerry Overton).

Such a setup would, for example, show a worker how he or she might interact with a new piece of machine — even when the machine only exists as a digital model and has not yet been built or installed. They may also become critical in collision detection and clash detection using digital plant models. After all, catching and fixing your ill-filled assembly problems in the digital real is much more cost-effective than doing the same when the rigs, jigs, and steel frames are already built and mounted.

Blankenship weighs in with a clarification of the difference between CAD modelers and algorithm-driven optimization software. “The big difference is, typically with CAD, the designer has to draw and shape the entire part, then work with a stress analyst to test the part … With topology optimization, typically the stress analyst has used it to give the designer an inspirational model [the rough shape as a starting point] … We thought about [the problem] from the designer’s perspective, to understand how they can work with such free-form geometry.”

Overton points out, “It’s not generally common to embed machine learning or AI in design software. There are companies working on it, but a lot of the initiatives are still in research and development. But we are seeing intelligent interfaces in design software … In those, it’s pretty common to see the use of machine learning to narrow down the design options or to predict the performance of a design.”

Though unplanned, the three panelists quickly discovered many areas where their technologies intersect.

The roundtable discussion and the panelists’ responses to the audience’s questions are archived online. It can be viewed here.

Overton is writing a blog post titled “How to get started with machine learning in manufacturing.” To read, visit CSC’s data science blog here.

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About Kenneth

Kenneth Wong has been a regular contributor to the CAD industry press since 2000, first an an editor, later as a columnist and freelance writer for various publications. During his nine-year tenure, he has closely followed the migration from 2D to 3D, the growth of PLM (product lifecycle management), and the impact of globalization on manufacturing. His writings have appeared in Cadalyst, Computer Graphics World, and Manufacturing Business Technology, among others.

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